"We will fight to protect your rights through every stage of the Employment Tribunal process."

Employment Tribunals

Employment tribunals are designed to determine issues surrounding employment rights where there has been a dispute between an employee and an employer. Such matters may include unfair dismissal and discrimination, as well as issues relating to wages and leave. An Employment Tribunal is similar to a court in this respect, although arguably less formal.

Employment Tribunal Claim form 1 - This is the form that is used to start any claim to the Employment Tribunal. You should ensure that this form is with the Tribunal within 3 months of the date of the act you are complaining about. You should be aware that you need to have an ACAS Early Conciliation Certification and Number before you can submit this form. Your ET1 should contain all the issues and all the facts. Once your form has been submitted, it is unlikely that you will be able to add anything further.

Employment Tribunal Claim form 3 - This is the form that your employers or former employers will use to defend their position. When you receive this, you must read it very carefully, as it will detail the grounds upon which they will be defending the claim you are making.

Tribunal Awards 
Tribunal Awards are split into two types of award:

  • the Basic Award 
  • the Compensatory Award

The Basic Award is calculated in the same way as Redundancy Pay. There is no specific calculation for the Compensatory Award, but it is generally to put the employee back in the position they would have been in had they not been mistreated by their employer. This latter Award might be subject to a cap, depending on the complaint.

Tribunal Fees 
Tribunal Fees were introduced by the Government in July 2013. How much you have to pay will depend upon the type of claim that you are bringing. There is a fee to start your claim and a fee if you want the matter to proceed to the Tribunal. Some people are eligible to pay a reduced fee, or no fee at all if they satisfy a means test. It is best that you check with NewLaw’s experienced solicitors, who can advise you beforehand on your eligibility.

Usually, parties in an Employment Tribunal will be legally represented. These representatives will present the case to the Tribunal, question witnesses and sum up the cases at the end of proceedings. This allows the person bringing the claim to concentrate on the evidence they give without having to worry about presenting their case, or having to interact too much with the judge, which can be an intimidating experience for many people.

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